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If you are building a new home, certain construction methods and materials can reduce the termite risk considerably.
The Building Code of Australia requires that new houses and extensions have a termite management program in place in most areas (except Tasmania, where the termite risk is negligible). Homes constructed after July 1995 must have a'durable notice' of treatment fixed into a prominent position in the building (near the meter box or the entrance to a crawl space), listing the:.
If you're building a new home or doing a substantial renovation, make sure you put in proper physical or chemical barriers. Some can be retrofitted but it's easier to install them during construction.
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Termite shields (also known as ant caps) don't prevent termite activity but bring it into the open, since it's easier to detect their mud shelter tubes on the alloy caps.
Woven stainless steel mesh or finely graded stone particles can be installed in a concrete slab and pit walls around pipe openings and so on, so termites can't get through those concealed entry points.
Composite systems such as chemically treated fabric or plastic sheets contain chemicals that'll degrade over time, unlike true obstacles.
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Reticulation systems involve piping fitted under slabs and around the edges of a building with access points for injection of insecticide.
Chemical barriers are employed under and around a concrete slab or around the building piers or footings.
Synthetic pyrethroids such as permethrin or bifenthrin are generally less toxic than many of the earlier insecticides which were banned in most areas of Australia in the mid 1990s.
Fipronil and imidacloprid are especially effective against termites as they are non-repellant. This means the termites will travel throughout the zone without detecting the chemical and return into the colony, therefore contaminating other termites.
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Arsenic trioxide dust is a very poisonous substance and a confirmed carcinogen for humans. It had been commonly used in the past in termite dusting processes but has been replaced with less toxic insect growth regulators (IGRs) such as triflumuron. This distinctive blue powder is quite effective, but may require a little longer than arsenic dust to wipe out a colony.
This can be a more costly although somewhat less toxic alternative that'll require regular maintenance. Monitoring and bait stations use very small amounts of a low-toxic IGR which has an effect on the termite's exoskeleton and kills them without harming other animals or humans.
The insect manager places a baiting station (or many ) in the vicinity of the home, usually in-ground.
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The station is checked repositioned if needed and when termites are found, bait is added to replenish the station.
The kittens accept the bait back to their nest and disperse it via grooming, until the colony has been eventually wiped out.
There's no guarantee the termites will really find the lure, so it's generally not a good idea to utilize a monitoring and lure station as your only approach to termite management.
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The price of a termite treatment is estimated at around $1300 to $1500 plus potentially several thousand dollars for repairing damage to the building. Should you need termite treatment:
Phone several pest managers before committing to one you're unlikely to get detailed information or a particular cost on the phone, however you should be able to get a general impression about the company, their termite treatment and a range of prices you can expect.
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Compare the options, quotations and professionalism of the a variety of pest managers and decide on the company that you're most comfortable with.
Consider the sort of solutions that the treatment will supply the least expensive quote might only rid you of termites in the brief term while some more expensive integrated approach will provide much better protection against future termite attacks.
Can they possess a current licence and up-to-date professional indemnity and public liability insurance certificates
Will the pest inspector also do the termite treatment, if one is needed If not, how experienced is the person who is doing the termite treatment
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Will they meet, or exceed, the requirements of the Australian Standard (AS4349.3 provides guidelines for inspecting buildings explanation for timber pests; AS3660.2 deals with termite management in and around existing buildings and structures).
How long will the inspection take (An average house should take just two to three hours to inspect, including the time the inspector spends discussing the issues with you.)
Will they explain the products they are likely to use (This is so you'll know about any chemicals they'll utilize, their toxicity and security matters.)
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A termite inspection of an average-sized house can cost you around $250 to $350, depending on the size, design and ease of access.